OHSMS (Occupational Health & Safety Management System) is a management system that is determined to anticipate and prevent in advance the occupational health and safety hazards of employees that may occur in work sites to organizationally secure, improve and manage the health and safety of the employees.
It is remarkable that international certification bodies participated in the joint legislation by mutual agreement. It indicates that Occupational Health & Safety Management fields are approaching an imminent selection as an international standard. The basic concept of standard is based on a guide standard of BS8800 England Occupational Health & Safety Management. Various certification standards of each body are now unified.
It is important that the standard structure of OHSAS (Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Specification) 18001 has adopted the PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Action) model of ISO 14000 standard. Furthermore, it is considered that standard structure of OHSAS 18001 has taken into account the combination (duality) with other management systems (quality and environment).
If a corporation has adopted ISO 14000 management system, introduction of OHSAS is not very difficult at all. The basic approach method for implementation of the occupational health & safety management system is given below:
Safety & Health Policy: Mandatory documentation of intention and principle of an organization relevant to safety and health achievement to ensure that all employees are aware and understand the policy.
Planning: Safety & health hazards relevant to activities, services and products of an organization to be grasped
Implementation & Operation: Safety & health elements relevant to activities, services and products of an organization to be properly managed.
Checking & Corrective Action: Checking to be made on whether the safety and health policy, objects and related laws and regulations which are the important elements of safety and health management system have been accomplished and the appropriateness thereof, and corrective actions to be taken, if necessary.
Management Review: Review of the safety and health management system and evaluation of achievement of the system.
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