ISO 9001 is a family of standards established by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) that relate to quality management systems and are designed to help organizations ensure they meet the needs of customers and other interested parties.
ISO 9001 was established in 1987, and currently, 2015 version of standard certificates are issue for hundreds of thousands of organizations all over the world.
ISO 9001 is a system providing certification by evaluating whether a quality management system of an organization adheres to the ISO 9001 standard. The applicable fields of the standard may include all the industrial sectors covering not only the manufacturing, construction, and services, but also public service sectors such as school and local autonomy.
(Reference: IAF-ISO Joint Communique on Expected Outcomes for Accredited Certification to ISO 9001)
Through the effective approach to the ISO9001, organization can achieve the management effects as following.
In an age of limitless global competition with such an emphasis on quality assurance of products and service, confidence and product liability, all organizations providing products and services under fierce price competition and non-price competition are developing a quality management system that places a top priority on customer satisfaction.
The quality management system defines all of the activities necessary to produce consistent results for the client related to the product or service offered. Policies for assuring quality are established, documented, implemented and maintained to promote continuous improvement. Certification to the ISO 9001 standard is utilized as a method for introducing and building up the quality management system, and may expect the following interactive coupling effects.
ISO 9001:2015 promotes the adoption of a process approach when developing, implementing and improving the effectiveness of a quality management system, to enhance customer satisfaction by meeting customer requirements. Understanding and managing interrelated processes as a system contributes to the organization's effectiveness and efficiency in achieving its intended results. This approach enables the organization to control the interrelationship and interdependencies among the processes of the system, so that the overall performance of the organization can be enhanced.
The process approach involves the systematic definition and management of processes, and their interactions, so as to achieve the intended results in accordance with the quality policy and strategic direction of the organization.
The application of the process approach in a quality management system enables:
The figure below gives a schematic representation of any process and shows the interaction of its elements. The monitoring and measuring check points, which are necessary for control, are specific to each process and will vary depending on the related risks.
Schematic representation of the elements of a single process
Risk-based thinking is essential for achieving an effective quality management system.
The concept of risk-based thinking has been implicit in previous editions of ISO9001:2015
including, for example, carrying out preventive actions to eliminate potential nonconformities, analysing any nonconformities that do occur, and taking action to prevent recurrence that is appropriate for the effects of the nonconformity.
To conform to the requirements of ISO9001, an organization needs to plan and implement actions to address risks and opportunities. Addressing both risks and opportunities establishes a basic for increasing effectiveness of the quality management system, achieving improved results and preventing negative effects.
Opportunities can arise as a result of a situation favourable to achieving an intended result, for example, a set of circumstances that allow the organization to attract customers, develop new products, reduce waste or improve productivity. Actions to address opportunities can also include consideration of associated risks, Risk is the effect of uncertainty and any such uncertainty can have positive or negative effects. A positive deviation arising from a risk can provide an opportunity, but not all positive effect of risk result in opportunities.
|1||Customer focus||1||Customer focus|
|3||Involvement of people||3||Engagement of people|
|4||Process approach||4||Process approach|
|5||System approach to management||5||Improvement|
|6||Continual improvement||6||evidence-based decision making|
|7||Factual approach to decision making||7||relationship management|
|8||Mutually beneficial supplier relationship|
ISO 9001:2008 is focused on the establishment and implementation of Quality management System. The management system of an organization is formed with networks of a lot of processes; and if outputs of processes fulfills the expected output, it can be declared that the products or services are able to achieve customer satisfaction. The following is the structural modeling of QMS.
ISO 9001:2008 adopted 8 Quality Management Principles to lead the QMS of Organization successfully.
|Principle 1||Customer focus|
|Principle 3||Involvement of people|
|Principle 4||Process approach|
|Principle 5||System approach to management|
|Principle 6||Continual improvement|
|Principle 7||Factual approach to decision making|
|Principle 8||Mutually beneficial supplier relationship|